Bar-on is the Dean of the School of Education, The College of Management Academic Studies (COLMAN). She was the president of Oranim Academic College of Education (2013-2019) and a member of the board of the National Library of Israel.
She was formerly a fellow at the Mandel School of Educational Leadership (1997-1999); headed the Education Ministry department that oversaw implementation of the Shenhar & Kremnitzer reports, which dealt with Pluralism in Judaism and Civics+Peace education, respectively (1999-2002); and served as deputy-president for academic affairs at the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem (2003-2012). Bar-On is a social historian and has published three books on the lives of women (in Hebrew): Crowded Delivery Room: Gender and Public Opinion in Early Modern Gynecology (2000); Sunrise in the Mediterranean: An American Women in the Labor Battalions ( 2005); and A Jewish Witch in the Court of Louis XIII (2011). She holds a doctorate from Tel Aviv University.